5G-IANA at the 4th Summit on Gender Equality in Computing

The 5G-IANA project is committed to promote and address gender issues. In this context, Deputy Project Coordinator Eirini Liotou from ICCS participated in the “4th Summit on Gender Equality in Computing”, held on June 16-17 in Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, Greece. This event aims at promoting gender-equal access to the computer-related scientific frontiers, as well as to present and share technical achievements and experiences in the computing field.

During this year’s event, the poster “Distributed Machine learning for Network Monitoring and predictive QoS in Automotive Applications” by 5G-IANA partners Konstantinos Katsaros, Eirini Liotou, Giorgos Drainakis, Amr Rizk and Nehal Baganal-Krishna was presented. Moreover, Eirini Liotou was a facilitator during the Workshop: “Becoming better together – learning through mentoring”, with the goal to provide mentoring advice to young students and professionals.

All information about this event is available at their webpage https://gec22.auth.gr/.

5G-IANA at the 4th Summit on Gender Equality in Computing2022-06-21T07:59:18+00:00

5G-IANA Interim Review Meeting

The 5G-IANA consortium physically met on the 2nd and 3rd of June 2022 for the first Interim Project Review. The meeting took place in Athens and was organised by ICCS, our project coordinator.

In a friendly atmosphere, partners presented in detail the progress and advancements achieved during the first year of the project as well as the planning for the upcoming period. Specifically, the meeting opened with an introduction from the Project Officer, setting the objectives and focus of this review, and continued by a project overview presentation by the Project Coordinator deputy Eirini Liotou, setting the trigger for technical discussions. Then, Francesca Moscatelli (NXW) explained the concept of a NetApp in 5G-IANA, as well as the 5G-IANA NetApps toolkit. Then, the Technical Coordinator of the project, Dimitris Klonidis (UBI) presented the Specifications and Architecture of the 5G-IANA platform, followed by the presentation of Thanos Xirofotos (UBI) on the 5G-IANA architecture development and integration. In the continuation of the first day, Theodoros Rokkas (INCITES) presented the market strategy of the project, Andrea Suarez (VICOM) presented the dissemination activities and Eirini Liotou (ICCS) described the project management and ethics aspects of the project. During the second day, the discussions were centred around the seven project use cases and two testbeds (Germany, Slovenia). The meeting concluded with a summary of the main recommendations of the Project Officer and the experts, which the 5G-IANA consortium will carefully integrate into the overall project workplan.

As a general outcome, the Project Officer and the Expert Reviewers representing the European Commission, provided very constructive and valuable feedback and recommendations for the next period of the project.

Congratulations to 5G-IANA team, let’s continue the hard work!

5G-IANA Interim Review Meeting2022-06-09T08:46:15+00:00

5G-IANA will participate at the 2022 EuCNC & 6G Summit

After two years of restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2022 EuCNC & 6G Summit will be organised on a hybrid conference from the city of Grenoble from 7th to 10th June 2022.

5G-IANA will be present at this edition, in collaboration with 5GASP project. Our partner Nextworks will introduce the Connected and Automated Mobility during the Special Session 10 “Netapps for Verticals”, where 5G-IANA Use Cases will be presented, providing insights about the major challenges in orchestrating NetApps with different purposes (e.g., infotainment, manoeuvres coordination etc.) for the Automotive Industry.

This session will take place on Wednesday 8th June 2022 from 16:00 to 17:30 CET and will focus on discussing how NetApp empowers the verticals on-boarding on 5G. It aims to bring together all the NetApp stakeholders, discuss their experiences so far and pave the way for NetApps into 6G to span all domains RAN/CORE/Transport/Devices/Applications.

The session targets to:

  • Highlight experiences and lessons learned with NetApp development and its Lifecycle management.
  • Investigate how Standards include related information to realize the NetApps vision.
  • Understanding of all related stakeholders.
  • Investigate cross-industry cooperation opportunities.
  • Promote the innovative services and new business models introduced by the NetApp concept and their evolution towards 6G.

All information about this event is available on the website https://www.eucnc.eu/.

5G-IANA will participate at the 2022 EuCNC & 6G Summit2022-06-15T12:17:25+00:00

5G-IANA will participate at ALIS’22

ALIS’22: 1st ACM Multimedia Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Live Video Streaming will take place from 10th to 14th October 2022 in Lisbon, Portugal.

Eirini Liotou, member of (ICCS), and project coordinator from 5G-IANA will be co-chairing this event. Furthermore, Professor of Computer Science at the University of Duisburg-Essen, Amr Rizk, also member of 5G-IANA project will be delivering the keynote speech titled “Title: Live Video Streaming through the ML Lens”.

This workshop is organised by The Christian Doppler laboratory ATHENA (AdapTive Streaming over HTTP and Emerging Networked MultimediA Services) and calls for submissions are opened.

Important Dates:

  • Submission deadline: 20 June 2022, 23:59 AoE.
  • Notifications of acceptance: 29 July 2022.
  • Camera-ready submission: 21 August 2022.
  • Workshop: 10th or 14th October.

All information on this event it is available at their website: https://athena.itec.aau.at/events/alis22/

5G-IANA will participate at ALIS’222022-06-15T12:19:19+00:00

5G-IANA General Assembly (25th May 2022)

5G-IANA second General Assembly has taken place on 25th May 2022 on a virtual session. This General Assembly marked an important milestone, taking place after almost achieving the first year of the project. The partners reviewed the progress made during the first 12 months of the project implementation and addressed successful discussions on the next steps to take on.

Partners also took this opportunity to work on the preparation of the first Interim Project Review to be held in Athens, Greece, on 2nd and 3rd June 2022.

5G-IANA General Assembly (25th May 2022)2022-05-25T14:16:15+00:00

5G-IANA at the ITS European Congress in Toulouse

The 2022 European ITS Congress in Toulouse will be taking place from 30th May to 1st June 2022.

The ITS Congresses represent the ultimate showcase of mobility services deployment and are the means for the ITS Community to keep pace with the incredible evolution of the industry. Over the years, the European Congresses have offered a platform for thought leaders, developers, entrepreneurs and decision makers from the transport, logistics and IT industries to share ideas and progress smart and sustainable mobility.

5G-IANA project will be present at this edition, participating on SIS 20 “5G for ITS: comms, computational challenges and prospects”. This session will take place on 31st of May from 10.30 to 11.15 am and will be moderated by 5G-IANA’s Project Coordinator ICCS. Links Foundation and Internet Institute will also participate representing the project.

5G is a key technology that enables advanced Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and Cooperative Connected and Automated Mobility (CCAM) services. While discussions have focused on the new generation mobile network (infrastructure), including technological, business, and regulatory aspects, less attention has been paid to the connected vehicle side and the series of open questions emerging, while 5G technology gradually matures.

This session aims to answer some of these questions through an interactive panel of experts in the field, by discussing the HW/SW connectivity and computing capabilities that vehicles require in order to meet demands, the best practices from on-going experiments, the required balance between on-board and network-side functionality to achieve verifiable safety, as well as the vision and the roadmap for a smooth transition. In particular, the speakers will provide insights on:

  1. The digital Infrastructure support on Connected and Automated Driving, including examples from Austrian and Italian roads and takeaways from an OEM perspective;
  2.  5G Infrastructure Assisted Advanced Driving: results and lessons learned;
  3. Connected vehicles for improved safety in case of massive tunnel accidents;
  4. A flexible OBU/RSU platform ready to exploit the softwarization approach for easing the deployment of C-ITS services in the 5G context.

All information about the event is available on the website https://itseuropeancongress.com/.

5G-IANA at the ITS European Congress in Toulouse2022-05-09T08:42:33+00:00

AR and VR for in-vehicle entertainment


The recent advances in AI-based vehicle navigation and the vision shared by many automotive companies towards fully self-driving cars, open up the opportunity for transforming cars to something more than a mere transportation mean. As the car driver is transformed with the help of technology into just an additional passenger, the car space as a whole can be transformed into an entertainment room, a temporary office space or even an area for relaxation thus reshaping what was wasted commute time so far into high valued time. The opportunities that open up for introducing AR/VR technology towards implementing this vision are tremendous.

Especially the network capabilities brought by 5G, such as ultra low latency and very high bandwidths can already support the requirements of AR and VR applications. 5G deployment is thus the second link required besides self-driving car technology. Until self-driving car technology becomes more established, 5G capacity can anyway bring to life the vision of immersive in-car entertainment for the passengers which may span from immersive movies and shows to live concerts, sports, and interactive gaming. The requirements set by such applications on the communication network are summarized as follows:

  • More capacity at lower cost: increased throughput requirement per user as quality of immersion improves, and more simultaneous usage increases. Richer quality content calls for 50 to 200 Mbps connections (e.g., Next-generation 360° video (8K, 90+FPS, HDR, stereoscopic)) or even 200 to 5000 Mbps for 6 Degrees of Freedom video or free-viewpoint.

  • Low latency: lower latency for reduced lag for interactive content and 6 degrees of freedom uniform experiences (achieving Motion to Photon (MTP) latency below 15ms generally avoids discomfort).

  • Consistency/availability: full immersion everywhere requires consistent throughput, even at the cell edge (under high mobility, in both rural and urban areas etc.)

In this context, and as a first proof of concept VR application enabled by 5G connectivity, within 5G-IANA project HIT HYPERTECH INNOVATIONS will be developing and showcasing a VR application where virtual reality users will be virtually joining an actual tour guide in a double decker bus and will be represented in the VR space with their avatars. Users will be able to receive to their HMD (Head Mounted Display) the video of the tour surroundings streamed by a high resolution 360 camera mounted to the bus/vehicle taking the real tour. An innovative adaptive delivery scheme for 360◦ Videos using users’ field of view prediction will be utilized to reduce server resources expended. Moreover, historical information and trivia about the attractions will be triggered and provided along the path, through GPS-driven landmark indicators. The users, via their avatars will be able to gesture, speak and listen to one another, from their dedicated virtual bus seats, which will be determined during their entry.

 

Author: George Karagiannopoulos

AR and VR for in-vehicle entertainment2022-05-09T08:42:58+00:00

5G-IANA project presented at the VTM Torino 2022

Last 30th and 31st March, 5G-IANA partner Bylogix presented 5G-IANA project at the Vehicle and Transportation Technology Innovation Meetings (VTM) in Torino.

VTM is the only business convention in Italy dedicated to the automotive and transport industry. It brings together the international mobility and transport community in Turin, from vehicle makers and tier suppliers to mobility decision makers, disruptive technology entrepreneurs and solution providers.

VTM creates the opportunity for discussion on the skills, innovations and major issues that are impacting the sector: electrification of vehicles and batteries, hydrogen and innovative propulsion systems, software defined vehicles, ADAS systems and autonomous driving, connectivity and big data, micro-mobility and new models of mobility.

Bylogix had the opportunity to introduce the 5G-IANA project to participants of the event via an information stand where they provided the project flyer and introduced the consortium members, the main objectives and challenges of 5G-IANA, as well as the project’s Use Cases.

More information about the event is available on their website

5G-IANA project presented at the VTM Torino 20222022-05-09T08:43:13+00:00

Role of 5G networks in vehicle to infrastructure telecommunications

5G networks are perfect technology to serve as communications channel for vehicles trying to communicate with their environment (V2X – Vehicle to everything). There is a need to transfer information between RSUs (Road-Side Units) to vehicle OBUs (On-Board Units). Such information exchange can benefit drivers, pedestrians and traffic control. It can improve traffic safety and emergency services efficiency. Modern and future vehicles will also need support for advanced features like autonomous and remote driving as well as infotainment and augmented reality.

 

Figure 1: Future traffic management will be based on telecommunications between vehicles and road-side units. This can be very beneficial in emergency situations inside tunnels (photo: Peter Zidar)

Such innovative use of mobile networks introduces new challenges that are poorly addressed by previous generations of mobile networks. That is one of the reasons for upgrading these networks to 5G. The emerging 5G is improving data transfer rates, latency, QoS, security, reliability and service management. Therefore, 5G is in unique position to provide new and improved road safety features, provided by infrastructure, device manufacturers and third party application developers. In particular, 5G slicing can provide a network dedicated resources for V2X communications. These can also be used for road safety and emergency services.

Mobile network operators are in good position to host cloud based platform for independent application developers focusing on traffic safety and other automotive applications. The goal of European project 5G-IANA is to provide a prototype platform Automotive Open Experimental Platform (AOEP). The issues discovered during testing of this experimental platform will provide important data and guidance for future open automotive platforms operated by network operators.

Specific use cases tested in this experimental infrastructure will give Telekom Slovenije better understanding of requirements such applications have. Use Case 7 will investigate support for emergency vehicles approaching location of traffic accident inside tunnel located on country border. The planned solution will involve transfer of video and other infrastructure data to incoming emergency vehicle. Received information can be vital for better and faster rescue efforts and giving victims efficient help.

Author: Peter Zidar

Role of 5G networks in vehicle to infrastructure telecommunications2022-05-09T08:43:31+00:00

Local Dynamic Maps (LDM) for cooperative data fusion

Work on Local Dynamic Maps (LDM) implementation is still in its early stages, as the LDM standards only define how information shall be structured in databases, while the mechanism to fuse or link information across different layers is left undefined. A working LDM component, as a real-time database inside the vehicle, is an attractive solution to multi-ADAS systems, which may feed a real-time LDM database that serves as a central point of information inside the vehicle, exposing fused and structured information to other components (e.g., decision-making systems). In 5G-IANA we will be implementing a real-time LDM component, as a database reachable by vehicles through V2X communications and deployed in road-side units (RSU) or as on-board units (OBU), making use of the three pillars that guide a successful fusion strategy: utilisation of standards (with conversions between domains), middlewares to unify multiple ADAS sources, and linkage of data via semantic concepts.

Advanced Driver Assistance Functions (ADAS), such as Forward Collision Warning (FCW), Automated Braking (AB), Lane Departure Warning (LDW) or Blind Spot Detection (BSD) are already operational in our cars. Their utilisation in a vehicle has demonstrated exceptional performance to increase comfort and safety, with reductions of crashes between 27% to 50%. The research and innovation in ADAS and in Automated Driving (AD) functions is continuously growing and the market expects many new functions in the context of SAE-L3 vehicles. Particularly relevant will be the integration and coordinated co-existence of multiple functions, from multiple cars, potentially from different vendors, and with possibly overlapping capabilities, input needs and power consumption requirements.

The integration of an ecosystem of ADAS has become a major challenge, because their simple accumulation in a vehicle can produce undesired system conflicts and also decrease user acceptance because of the increased complexity of the vehicle. Car manufacturers are, therefore, keen to research on integrated solutions, which coordinate functions to operate harmonized, balance power and processing consumption, and overall improving driving safety.

One of the main challenges is the ability to fuse data from heterogeneous sources from diverse domains that have emerged and evolved independently from each other during the last decade: perception (e.g., sensing devices such as cameras or LIDARs with detection capabilities), communication (e.g., V2X systems, with standardized messages [1]), or digital maps (e.g., standard-definition or high-definition road topologies). The issue is that these domains have establish data formats, standards, and conventions for domain-specific use cases which suddenly clash into the common need to fuse multi-ADAS information real-time in a vehicle to provide the next step of autonomous driving.

Figure 1: iLDM implementation using Neo4j and RTMaps [3].

Provided each domain is governed by its own inertia, huge alignment efforts are required to interoperate perception, communication and digital map systems. Current approaches focus on creating inter-domain standards (e.g., ISO LDM, ASAM simulation branch), utilise multi-sensor application middlewares (e.g., RTMaps, ROS, ADTF) and apply semantic alignment of concepts [2].

One significant example which have attracted the attention of the automotive industry is the Local Dynamic Map (LDM) concept. Initially defined as an structure of road information categorized in layers (from static to dynamic information), methods to implement the structure itself have started to appear as a response to the publication of the LDM-related ETSI/ISO standards. In [3] an interoperable LDM (iLDM) implementation was presented, including a data model aligned with the recently published ASAM OpenLABEL standard [4], to leverage the interconnection of sensor data recording vehicle set-ups with ground truth generation.

Authors: Marcos Nieto, Mikel García, Itziar Urbieta (Vicomtech)

References

[1] ETSI EN 302 895 V1.1.1. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Vehicular Communications; Basic Set of Applications; Local Dynamic Map (LDM) Basic Set of Applications-ETSI EN 302 895. 2014. Available online: https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_en/302800_302899/302895/01.01.01_60/en_302895v010101p.pdf (accessed on 16 June 2021).

[2] Urbieta, I.; Nieto, M.; García, M.; Otaegui, O. Design and Implementation of an Ontology for Semantic Labeling and Testing: Automotive Global Ontology (AGO). Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 7782.

[3] García, M.; Urbieta, I.;Nieto, M.; González de Mendibil, J.;Otaegui, O. iLDM: An Interoperable Graph-Based Local Dynamic Map.Vehicles 2022, 4, 42–59. https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles4010003.

[4] ASAM. ASAM OpenLABEL V1.0.0. Available online: https://www.asam.net/project-detail/asam-OpenLABEL-v100/ (accessed on 6 July 2021).

Local Dynamic Maps (LDM) for cooperative data fusion2022-05-09T08:44:10+00:00
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